Period: c.620-605 B.C.
Title: The English, Hebrew, Greek and Latin versions all name this book after Habakkuk, the prophet whose ministry is recorded in the book. The meaning of the name Habakkuk is uncertain, and is possibly of Babylonian origin.
Summary: The book begins with Habakkuk complaining of injustice in Judah and his inability to understand God’s failure to judge the wicked and morally deprived nation of Babylon (the Chaldeans). Habakkuk is shown that God’s people must continue to trust in His mercy regardless of the circumstances about them. The wicked appear to prosper while the righteous are chastened. However this prosperity of the wicked is only temporary. God will not abandon those who obey and follow His commandments: “the just shall live by faith” (cf. Psalm 73).
Introduction: Chapter 1:1
The prophet complains of unchecked violence in Judah: Chapter 1:2-4
The Lord’s answer: the Chaldeans are His instrument of punishment: Chapter 1:5-1
A second problem: the Chaldeans are more wicked than the Judeans: Chapter 1:12 – 2:1
The Lord’s second answer: The purpose is certain and faith will be rewarded: Chapter 2:2-4
Five woes upon iniquity whether Jewish or Chaldean: Chapter 2:5-20
A vision of divine judgment: Chapter 3:1-16
The triumph of faith: Chapter 3:17-19