Author: Amos

Period: c.760-750 B.C.

Title: The English, Hebrew, Greek and Latin versions all name this book after Amos, the prophet whose ministry is recorded in the book. The name Amos (Hebrew Amotz) means “burden.”

Summary: The book of Amos was written during a period of national optimism in Israel. King Jeroboam II was ruler, and politically and materially the northern kingdom rivalled the age of Solomon and David. Amos, a shepherd by trade, was called by God to pronounce judgment on the northern Kingdom of Israel by denouncing Israel’s luxurious living, idolatry and moral depravity. Amos urges the people to repent before the judgments of God came upon them. “Seek God and live” was Amos’ plea to the nation. He also foretells of the dispersion of the Israelites, but points to a day when God would regather them in the land of their forefathers.


Judgments against the nations: Chapter 1:1 – 2:16

  • Superscription and proclamation: 1:1-2
  • Indictment of neighbouring nations: 1:3 – 2:3
  • Indictment of Judah: 2:4-5
  • Indictment of Israel: 2:6-16

Three discourses against Israel: Chapter 3:1 – 6:14

  • A declaration of judgment: 3:1-15
  • The depravity of Israel: 4:1-13
  • A lamentation for Israel’s sin and doom: 5:1 – 6:14

Five visions of Israel’s condition: Chapter 7:1 – 9:10

  • The devouring locusts: 7:1-3
  • The flaming fire: 7:4-6
  • The plumb line: 7:7-17
  • The basket of ripe fruit: 8:1-14
  • The judgment of the Lord: 9:1-10

The promise of Israel’s restoration: Chapter 9:11-15