The rainbow
Gold/ yellow

Colours in the Bible

.....and their meaning...

Gold and Yellow



The colour Gold in scripture is translated from the Hebrew word 'zahab' meaning gold as a precious metal or of brilliance and splendour. The Greek word used in the New Testament is 'chruseos' meaning something golden, made of gold or overlaid with gold. A related word is 'chrusion' meaning gold or that which has been smelted and wrought such as coins or ornaments made of gold.

The Hebrew word for yellow is 'y@raqraq' meaning yellow or greenish yellow. It is connected with the description of gold only in the Psalms:

"Though you lie down among the sheepfolds, You will be like the wings of a dove covered with silver, And her feathers with yellow gold." Psa 68:13

The items in the Most Holy Place within the Tabernacle and Temple were covered with gold, for example the ark of the covenant, the mercy seat and Cherubim:

"..they shall make an ark of acacia wood; shall overlay it with pure gold, inside and out you shall overlay it, and shall make on it a molding of gold all around." Exod 25:10-11

"You shall make a mercy seat of pure gold; two and a half cubits shall be its length and a cubit and a half its width. And you shall make two cherubim of gold; of hammered work you shall make them at the two ends of the mercy seat." Exod 25:17-18


Further information

  Gold is associated with that which is Holy to God " "You shall also make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet: HOLINESS TO THE LORD." Exodus 28:36 and used to describe the precious nature of His Word and Law: "The judgments of the LORD are true and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold, Yea, than much fine gold" Psalm 19:9-10

The colour yellow does not appear frequently in scripture and apart from the connection with gold, it is used to decribe the colour of hair in leprosy (Leviticus 13:30-36)

Related Symbols: wisdom and knowledge

A good name is worth more than fine gold and seeking the wisdom and knowledge of God is of far more value than riches of gold or silver.  The only way to gain a 'good name' in the sight of God is by learning His Word and having the wisdom to put  it into practice.   "A good name is to be chosen rather than great riches, Loving favor rather than silver and gold." Proverbs 22:1
  "Receive my instruction, and not silver, And knowledge rather than choice gold" Proverbs 8:10
  "How much better to get wisdom than gold! And to get understanding is to be chosen rather than silver." Proverbs 16:16
Gold also refers to those who impart the wisdom and knowledge of God to others who are willing to learn   "Like an earring of gold and an ornament of fine gold is a wise rebuker to an obedient ear." Proverbs 25:12

Related Symbols: faith

The nation of Israel which should have learned the spiritual lessons of the Tabernacle and Law of Moses failed to do so, they lacked faith thus Jeremiah writes in Lamentations: "How the gold has become dim! How changed the fine gold! The stones of the sanctuary are scattered At the head of every street. The precious sons of Zion, Valuable as fine gold, How they are regarded as clay pots, The work of the hands of the potter!" Lamentations 4:1-2
In the Tabernacle construction we see that though the various items were made of wood, they were overlaid with gold which is incorruptible. This symbolises corruptible human nature overlaid with the gold of a pure and refined faith, thus making the true believer acceptable to God. "...that the genuineness of your faith, being much more precious than gold that perishes, though it is tested by fire, may be found to praise, honor, and glory at the revelation of Jesus Christ" 1Peter 1:7
"I counsel you to buy from Me gold refined in the fire (tried and tested faith), that you may be rich; and white garments, that you may be clothed" Revelation 3:18