Deuteronomy

Author: Moses (date of writing: c.1400 B.C.).

Period: c.1440-1400 B.C.

Title: "Deuteronomy" is taken from the Latin form of the Greek word Deuteronomion, the title given to this book in the Septuagint. The word means "repetition of the law." The Hebrew title, 'elleh haddebarim ("These are the words . . ."), or simply debarim ("Words"), is taken from the first two words of the Hebrew text of this book.

Summary: Deuteronomy is the fifth and last book of the Pentateuch. It records the repetition of the law recorded in Leviticus. It was given on the plains of Moab just prior to the entrance into the Promised Land by the nation of Israel under the command of Joshua. This was Moses' last address to Israel as a whole prior to his death. At this time only two surviving members were left out of the generation that escaped from Egypt. Therefore, this repetition of the law was extremely important to the welfare of the new generation.

Breakdown:

FIRST DISCOURSE: Retrospect--

Israel's faithlessness and God's care: Chapter 1:1 - 4:43

SECOND DISCOURSE: Review--

what the present generation should heed: Chapter 4:44 - 26:19

THIRD DISCOURSE: Warning--

the nation's solemn responsibility: Chapter 27:1 - 28:68

FOURTH DISCOURSE: Covenant--

terms that would ensure Israel's continued occupancy of the land: Chapter 29:1 - 30:20

FIFTH DISCOURSE: Counsel--

SIXTH DISCOURSE: Instruction--

SEVENTH DISCOURSE: Song--

a psalm of witness against Israel: Chapter 31:30 - 32:52

EIGHTH DISCOURSE: Blessing--

future glory of the tribes: Chapter 33:1-29

NINTH SECTION: An epitaph--

death of Moses: God buries His workman: Chapter 34:1-12

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