Right from early Egyptian history mud
bricks were used as a basic material for construction. In the course of the
Early Dynastic Period (about 3100-2613 BC) and the Old Kingdom (about
2613-2160 BC) bricks remained the basic building material for both palaces
and ordinary houses. Stone did not appear until a later date and then only
for temples and the tombs of the elite.
Bricks used for building
were made from Nile mud mixed with sand and straw, which gave the mud
Bricks used for specific building
projects were often stamped with the name of the king for whom it was being
built. Many of the bricks discovered carry the sovereign seal of
Pharaoh Ramesses II who became obsessed with the desire to create memorials
of himself for posterity.
We are reminded of the scriptural account
in Exodus chapters 1 and 5, because it was the Israelite slaves who
undertook many building works for Pharaoh under harsh and extremely
is generally thought that Ramesses II was the ruler who used the
Israelite slave labour to build the treasure cities of Pithom and Raamses
(Exodus 1:11- Ch. 2) and also the one ruling at the time that Moses led his
people's exodus from Egypt towards the promised land. This brick reminds us
of historical times past when God has used His power to save His people; a
feat which will be repeated preparatory to the establishment of God's
kingdom on earth (Jeremiah 30:10-11).